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Metro

Barcelona Metro Logo.

The Barcelona Metro (Catalan and Spanish: Metro de Barcelona), part of the public transportation system of Barcelona, Catalonia is an extensive network of electrified railways that run underground in central Barcelona and above ground into the city's suburbs. Since September 20, 2011, Barcelona Metro system consists of 11 lines with 166 stations and 125 km in total. There have been 3 driverless lines since 2009: Line 11, Line 9 and Line 10, in chronological order.

History

The Barcelona Metro was founded in 1924 with the construction of the Gran Metro between Lesseps and Plaça de Catalunya, part of the modern Line 3. Two years later the Metro Transversal (now part of Line 1) was built between Plaça de Catalunya and la Bordeta to link the city centre with Plaça d'Espanya and Montjuïc, the site of the 1929 Barcelona International Exposition.

Today the network consists of ten lines managed by 2 different operators: Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB), which manages the major underground lines; and Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya (FGC, or Catalan Government Railways), which manages three integrated commuter lines running out into the extended metropolitan area. Fares are integrated into Autoritat del Transport Metropolità, a city-wide system that also includes local and regional buses and some regional train services. 98% of its railway tracks are underground.

Metro

Stations

As of mid 2007, there are currently 150 operational stations in the Barcelona Metro, served by the 9 lines in current use, which will increase to 209 when lines 9 and 10 are finally completed. The average distance between stations is 650 metres.

An overwhelming majority of stations in the network lack related buildings or structures aboveground, as opposed to other subway networks such as the London Underground, mostly consisting of an access with stairs, escalators and sometimes an elevator. The official TMB metro indicator, a red rhombus with a M inside, remains unused by FGC lines, which use their company logo and a different rhombus-shaped logo (actually rather similar to the one used inside the Madrid Metro) inside stations. Below ground their decoration is remarkably sober, with the exception of a few stations.

Layout

Barcelona Metro

The metro network proper, operated by TMB, consists of eight lines, numbered L1 to L5 and L9 to L11, and distinguished on network maps by different colours. FGC lines are numbered L6, L7 and L8. None of the Barcelona Metro lines have a name of their own but are generally referred to by their colour or by the number and the names of their termini. The Funicular de Montjuïc, a funicular railway, is fare-integrated and listed on maps as part of the metro network, being connected directly to the metro at Paraŀlel station. The lines run as follows:

Line NumberColorTerminalsOperatorLengthStationsYear of openingTime of travel
L1 Line 1 Red Hospital de Bellvitge - Fondo Metro TMB 20,7 km 30 1929 45 min
L2 Line 2 Purple Paraŀlel - Badalona Pompeu Fabra Metro TMB 13,7 km 18 1995 26 min
L3 Line 3 Green Zona Universitària - Trinitat Nova Metro TMB 18,4 km 26 1924 36 min
L4 Line 4 Yellow Trinitat Nova - La Pau Metro TMB 17,3 km 22 1926 36 min
L5 Line 5 Blue Cornellà Centre - Vall d'Hebron Metro TMB 19,168 km 26 1959 37 min
L6 Line 6 Mallow Catalunya - Reina Elisenda FGC FGC 5,384 km 9 1863 14 min
L7 Line 7 Brown Catalunya - Avinguda Tibidabo FGC FGC 4,634 km 7 1954 10 min
L8 Line 8 Pink Espanya - Molí Nou | Ciutat Cooperativa FGC FGC 11,266 km 11 1883 1000 mm
L9 Line 9 Orange La Sagrera - Can Zam
Aeroport T1 - Zona Universitària
Metro TMB 7,867 km
19,6 km
24 (9+15,
3 with L10)
2009 15 min
32 min
L10 Line 10 Cyan La Sagrera - Gorg Metro TMB 5,57 km 6 (3 with L9) 2010 11 min
L11 Line 11 Chartreuse Trinitat Nova - Can Cuiàs Metro TMB 2,109 km 5 2003 6 min
TOTAL (11 Metro lines) 143,261 km 165 1863

Trams and funiculars

The metro network is complemented by a network of trams and funiculars with the following lines:

LineTerminalsOperatorLengthStationsYear of opening
T1 Francesc Macià - Bon Viatge Trambaix 9,989 km 21 2004
T2 Francesc Macià - Llevant - Les Planes Trambaix 11,674 km 24 2004
T3 Francesc Macià - Sant Feliu | Consell Comarcal Trambaix 10,426 km 19 2004
T4 Ciutadella | Vila Olimpica - Estació de Sant Adrià de Besòs Trambesòs 6,829 km 14 2004
T5 Glòries - Gorg Trambesòs 7,228 km 13 2006
T6 Glòries - Estació de Sant Adrià de Besòs Trambesòs 4,674 km 8 2008
TOTAL (6 tram lines) 50,82 km 99
Fmontjuic Paraŀlel - Parc de Montjuïc TMB 758 m 2 1928
Fvallvidrera Peu del Funicular - Vallvidrera-Superior FGC 736 m 3 1906
TOTAL (2 funicular lines) 1,494 km 5
TOTAL (tram + funicular) 56 km 104

Future network

This is the result of Barcelona Metro network in 2020:

Line NumberTerminalsLengthStations
L1 El Prat Estació - Badalona Est 32 km aprox. 36
L2 Aeroport T1 - Can Ruti 18,466 km 34
L3 Sant Feliu Centre - Trinitat Vella 20,024 km 36
L4 Trinitat Nova - La Sagrera | Meridiana 18,916 km 25
L5 Cornellà Centre - Vall d'Hebron 19,168 km 27
L6 Catalunya - Finestrelles | Sant Joan de Déu 5,384 km 12
L7 Catalunya - Avinguda Tibidabo 4,634 km 7
L8 Gràcia - Molí Nou | Ciutat Cooperativa 16 km aprox. 15
L9 Aeroport T1 - Can Zam 42,976 km 40
L10 Polígon Pratenc - Gorg 38,638 km 34
L11 Trinitat Nova - Can Cuiàs 2,109 km 5
TOTAL 200 km aprox. 232

Metro future

Correspondences

Current correspondences

Station Lines corresponding Locality
Catalunya L1 L3 L6 L7 Barcelona
Diagonal (L3 & L5)
Provença (L6 & L7)
L3 L5 L6 L7 Barcelona
La Sagrera L1 L5 L9 L10 Barcelona
Passeig de Gràcia L2 L3 L4 Barcelona
Trinitat Nova L3 L4 L11 Barcelona
Espanya L1 L3 L8 Barcelona

Future correspondences

Station Lines corresponding Locality
La Sagrera L1 L4 L5 L9 L10 Barcelona
Catalunya L1 L3 L6 L7 Barcelona
Diagonal (L3 & L5)
Provença (L6 & L7)
L3 L5 L6 L7 Barcelona
Passeig de Gràcia L2 L3 L4 Barcelona
Trinitat Nova L3 L4 L11 Barcelona
Espanya L1 L3 L8 Barcelona
El Prat Estació L1 L2 L9 El Prat de Llobregat
Torrassa L1 L9 L10 L'Hospitalet de Llobregat
Collblanc L5 L9 L10 L'Hospitalet de Llobregat
Zona Universitària L3 L9 L10 Barcelona
Sarrià L6 L9 L10 Barcelona
El Putxet L7 L9 L10 Barcelona
Lesseps L3 L9 L10 Barcelona
Guinardó | Hospital de Sant Pau L4 L9 L10 Barcelona
Sagrera-TAV L4 L9 L10 Barcelona

Disused stations

There are a number of disused stations in the Barcelona Metro network, abandoned for various reasons. This is a comprehensive list:

Disappeared

Station Current line Opened Closed Area District Notes
Bordeta L1 1926 1983 La Bordeta Sants-Montjuïc It was closed as it was deemed unnecessary being too close to Santa Eulàlia.
Correus L4 1934 1972 Via Laietana Ciutat Vella The best known among the disused metro stations in the city, it was part of the aforementioned former L3 section.
Fernando L3 1946 1968 La Rambla Ciutat Vella Belongs to a section of the line which was closed when L4 expanded into the area and L3 started growing in another direction. It was replaced by Jaume I.

Never opened

Station Current line Built Area District Notes
Banco L3 1911 Via Laietana Ciutat Vella It was built in the area known nowadays as Plaça d'Antonio Maura, the seat of the headquarters of a few banks, but was never opened to public use. In 1925 it became the line's depot, and it may have also been used by the banking institutions.
Gaudí L5 1968 Sagrada Família Eixample The station was next to Sagrada Família and was an early project for what would eventually become the current Sagrada Família metro station. It can be seen at times from the carriage at the station, when there's enough lighting, as it's at 11.65m. under the surface.
Travessera L3 Never built Gran de Gràcia Gràcia Located between Diagonal and Fontana, around Travessera de Gràcia, it was devised and built as a midpoint between these two stations, which were deemed to be too far from each other, but was never inaugurated.

Moved to nearby locations

All these are still in use, but have been moved somewhere around their original location.

External links

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